He added that the ECB’s failure to reach its 2 per cent inflation target had resulted in a ‘musical chairs’ problem, where there is not enough money circulating in the Eurozone to match people’s wage demands, in turn resulting in ‘unprecedentedly’ high unemployment in many Eurozone countries.

‘Once, economists warned that Europe faced a Japan-style “lost decade” of unemployment and economic stagnation. That now seems like wishful thinking: because the ECB has kept money so tight and so much wealth has been lost, the Eurozone is likely to be in extremely bad shape for many years to come,’ Bowman said.

‘If the ECB was really willing to do “whatever it takes” to reach its inflation target, including quantitative easing, it could bring the Eurozone back to growth. The eurozone has needed easier money for years now; now that Germany does too, it may finally see it.’