The only countries which unequivocally call themselves socialist are those under totalitarian rule or in process of fashioning such rule, namely the Soviet Unions and its European satellites, China, Yugoslavia, Albania, and a Third World country or two, such as Cuba, Tanzania, Nicaragua and Grenada. Though here and there among these countries there may have been some measure of liberalisation. the system has remained essentially totalitarian even in such cases. In the Western democratic world there are socialist parties which form or have formed, governments, but such countries are generally thought by the socialists themselves, as well as by all others, to be still in substantial measure capitalist or non-socialist, or at best only part-socialist, in character.
In this book, Shenfield explains why democratic socialism is destined to fail.