In approaching the decisions that have to be made in the forthcoming duopoly review, this paper argues that the UK should adopt the same approach that it has to other industries as they move towards more effective competition. The reduction in intervention, and the increased opportunity for market forces to shape companies throughout British industry, have transformed many under-performing sectors. They will be no less effective in the telecommunications sector.
The following publication is a summary of key policies toward pharmaceuticals in three european countries, Britain, France West Germany, in 1989. Four key policy areas are covered; pricing, and reimbursement , registration, research and development and patents.
This report is a contribution to the debate (as of 1990) on the structure and future of the European community. It does not cover the debate as to whether the United Kingdom should or should not remain a member of the community.
There is a neo-puritan strain running through parts of modern society which urges us to live more simply. Looking longingly back to easier and quieter times, it urges us to learn to do without the motor car and the conveniences it brings. This view is sometimes expressed as an aversion not onlyto automobiles, but to economic growth itself. It sees modern technology as the source of insuperable problems, and urges us to dismount the tiger which we have by the tail.
This report derives from the alternative view that the problems derive not from surfeit of modern technology, but a deficiency of it. It seeks to explore how a more advanced technology of a lower level. It endeavours to apply the problem-solving techniques of public policy in order to accelerate the development of a technology which brings answers instead of problems.
The solution looked for is not one which seeks to banish the automobile, but one which seeks to tame it, to humanize it, to make it an acceptable companion of our cities.
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High speed rail networks across continental Europe are developing rapidly, with the liberalisation of Eastern Europe and the unification of Germany. With the French Railways (SNCF) and German Railways (Bundesbahn) looking to expand eastwards. Britain risks being left on the sidelines as an island nation. It must look for innovative ways to rejoin Europe with high speed rail. The Labour Party's policy document "Moving Britain Into Europe - A high speed future for transport" is one possible way of bridging the gap. This paper critically analyses Labour's proposals, examines the controversy surrounding the fixed link, suggests policies for a high speed UK rail network and develops two sets of proposals for high speed services to Europe. It is also calling Government to implement feasibility studies on such proposals or to put forward its own alternatives.
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Within this paper, Dr Madsen Pirie and Dr Eamonn Butler examine the problems of residential care and care in the community.
This colloquium discusses the causes, nature and framework for crime prevention in the UK. Although no consensus was attempted, the majority of participants believe that alternative ways of curbing crime other than simply sentencing policy should be pursued .
This report aims to look at the organisation and work of the fire service in the light both of international experience and of the changes that other areas of public service have undergone since 1979.