The only countries which unequivocally call themselves socialist are those under totalitarian rule or in process of fashioning such rule, namely the Soviet Unions and its European satellites, China, Yugoslavia, Albania, and a Third World country or two, such as Cuba, Tanzania, Nicaragua and Grenada. Though here and there among these countries there may have been some measure of liberalisation. the system has remained essentially totalitarian even in such cases. In the Western democratic world there are socialist parties which form or have formed, governments, but such countries are generally thought by the socialists themselves, as well as by all others, to be still in substantial measure capitalist or non-socialist, or at best only part-socialist, in character.
In this book, Shenfield explains why democratic socialism is destined to fail.
A collection of papers written by a range of authors on the theme of 'Roads and the Private Sector'. The collection offers authors' views on what the problems with the road network are, how private sector investment may help, the public's views on private road investment and the consequences of private funding of roads.
Michael Fallon suggests timely reforms. If they are not heeded, we may soon see a European Community governed not by Parliaments, Ministers or peoples but a faceless bureaucracy operating through bodies which lie beyond the reach of democratic control.
"Fast becoming an endangered species in the United Kingdom, the quango is alive and flourishing in Europe. In the bureaucratic hothouse of the European Communities - A world dominated by Commissions and Commissioners - the 'Euroquango' has grown and blossomed. Today the taxpayers of the EEC finance more than 250 Euro-quangos at an annual cost of at least £40 million in salaries and administrative expenses alone." This report looks at the top 'Euroquangos' in Europe, their issues and recommendations for reform.
In order to make its policies effective the government has attempted to control the money supply and impose cash limits on the public sector. It has not succeeded to the extent it wished because [pressures upon those limits are still in operation. The government should consider supplementing its policy with measures designed to relieve those pressures.
Strategy Two proposals are designed to take demand away from the public sector and divert it to the private market over a range of public sector goods and services. In the first instance they will relieve the claims made on the public sector and undercut its natural propensity for growth. They will also enable real savings to be achieved as less is required of the public sector.
These proposals also generate all kinds of opportunities for private business to develop in transport, health, education, cleaning, catering and many varieties of activity presently dominated by public industries and services. They will thus accelerate the creation of jobs and online growth in the private sector.
This book is offered as a contribution to the debate on what services should be provided by local government, how they should be provided, and who should pay for them.
The problems of the National Health Service are not those brought about by unique circumstances and particular economic conditions, but are those which arise from placing the supply and finance of health in the public sector. With the provision of services perceived as "free", and the requirement to finance via taxation, a situation has been created in which demand is maximised, while the ability to satisfy that demand has been severely limited. The result has been services inadequate in both quantity and in the quality of health care. British health, once at the forefront, has fallen behind the standards of the advanced countries. Our queues are longer, and the supply of modern services and equipment is smaller.
With this work, Philip Holland brings a definitive account to the phenomenon of the Quasi-autonomous national governmental organisation, otherwise known as the QUANGO. Tracing their early development from government by crown-appointed boards, Philip Holland documents their gradual rise towards the uncontrollable and unanswerable bureaucracy which they had become by the second half of the twentieth century.